However, they become more historical when placed again in specific instances and places in time.

The USSR was far from a republic however it was a brutal, socialist dictatorship which was filled with spying, detention (often in labour camps in Siberia) and torture and even execution. They are the ones who are knowledgeable about the past, and can discuss its complicated interrelations and the modern world. A434-38,K378-79. Our faculty members approach their work – which includes the research they conduct and their teaching – by asking questions. World War Period. We want to understand the reasons for what happened, how and what the significance of it was.

1914-45 Summary of Twentieth Century Europe World War I 1914-18 the Allies (Britain, France, Russia, Italy, Japan, US) defeat the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey) interwar period 1918-1939 rise of the the fascist regimes of Germany, Italy, and Japan World War II 1939-45 the Allies (Britain, France, Russia, China, US) defeated their adversaries Axis Powers (Germany, Italy, Japan) Cold War 1945-1991 US and USSR battle for supremacy in global politics. the period from 1991 until today. Many of the Big Questions we ask are very specific. US is the sole superpower. In fact, specificity – both in location and time – is at the core of our work. World War I (1914-18; refer to World War I) was battled in the conflict between Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey) and the Allied Powers (Britain, France, Russia, Italy, Japan, United States). 38 At the end of the war Each member of the Central Powers ceased to be an empire . For instance the historian we have in our collection who was a scholar of the late medieval period in Europe, Jacob Latham , the main question asks: "What difference did Christianity bring for the Roman world following Constantine?" Chris Magra , a scholar from earlier times in American Atlantic and the early American Atlantic, asks: "To what extent were colonial Americans capitalists?" Austria and Germany were made republics (thus the end of Habsburg rule in Austria) as did the Ottoman Empire changed into the current Turkey nation. A few of our faculty have Big questions that are more philosophical or anthropological.

Turkey . However, they become more historical when placed again in specific instances and places in time. World War I left Europe exhausted both economically and psychologically. Lynn Sacco , who writes about the gender history of gender in America is asking "How can we reconcile the contradictions that exist between what we observe and what consider to be true?" Laura Nenzi , who studies early modern Japan is asking "How do the biggest textbook moments of History appear from the perspective of the one person who was watching them from afar?" Vejas Liulevicius , who writes about Europe in the period of World Wars, poses this question: "How have people in the past thought about their relations with other peoples or with neighbors?" Meanwhile, Monica Black who is a historian of contemporary Germany questions "Why does the dead matter to us?" And Denise Phillips , our historian of the life sciences offers the amazing, "Why does knowledge matter?" It was further exacerbated by the 1918 flu pandemic which spread across the world, killing millions of people (far higher than war) over a period of only a few months. 1. History is also concerning Big Ideas . Interwar Europe was a battleground for three political systems: democracy, the socialist dictatorship as well as fascism . In actuality, it could be described as being a way not just of asking, but as well of responding to questions.

Britain, France, and Scandinavia maintained their democratic systems and democratic, while Russia continued to be a dictatorship of socialists. (Lenin was replaced in the postwar period by Joseph Stalin .) Germany, Austria, Italy, Spain, and Portugal in contrast all fell under fascism during the 1930s. Historical historians’ responses are not single-minded. The words "authoritarianism" or "totalitarianism" are used to describe a system of government with absolute power. In fact, it is often a source of pride to claim that there isn’t an exact answer to any question regarding the past. Faction is a modern-day form of authoritarianism that was born after World War I. Our objective, instead is to discover numerous clues as to what caused something to happen in the way it did as we can find and offer multi-faceted explanations of all kinds of historical phenomenon. Under a fascist government the citizens are expected to submit to the rule of the state, and to reject any type of democracy or dissidence and the leader of the country is to be viewed as a god of the highest order, and the culture of war is cultivated (typically built on myths about "racial superiority").

15 Fascism is considered to be the most extreme right-wing type of modern-day government, whereas socialism is the extreme left-wing version, even though these two government styles are similar to each other. 915 Volunteer Blvd, 6th Floor, Dunford Hall Knoxville, TN 37996 Phone: 865-974-5421 Fax: 865-974-315 email: history@utk.edu. Italy was conquered from Benito Mussolini, while Germany (whose the brief post-WWI regime is often referred to as"Weimar Republic "Weimar Republic") became part of the Nazi party of Adolf Hitler in 1933. Learning History How Do We Tell if Something Really Was Happened? Austria was at first ruled by a fascist homegrown party that was quickly added to Nazi Germany.

As an undergraduate, you might be wondering how you can find out what really happened during the time of your essay study. Spain was conquered over by Francisco Franco , Portugal by Antonio Salazar . What can we say with any certainty regarding whether historical people exist, or the actuality of historical events? As there was a return to democracy throughout West Germany, Austria, and Italy following WWII, Spain and Portugal were not democratic until the 1970s.